Wednesday, December 18, 2019

A Critique of Philosophical Approaches to Criminal Justice...

A Critique of Philosophical Approaches to Criminal Justice Reform People are arrested every day in the United States. They are put on probation or sent to jail, and sometimes they are let out on parole; there are millions of people affected. In 1995 alone there were over five million people under some form of correctional supervision, and the number is steadily increasing. The incarceration rate is skyrocketing: the number of prison inmates per 100,000 people has risen from 139 in 1980 to 411 in 1995. This is an immense financial burden on the country. Federal expenditure for correctional institutions alone increased 248% from 1982 to 1992. Obviously something has to be changed in the justice system. If the crime rate is rising this†¦show more content†¦Then there are people who cannot be cured by any amount of psychological therapy. They will sit through the counseling sessions, perhaps play along with the therapists games, but once released, they will rà ©sumà © their criminal habits. And even among those who can be positively affected by psychological treatments, there are so many different psychological disorders and personal idiosyncrasies that no single treatment plan can cure all of them. Another argument against the therapeutic model of criminal justice is this: people pay thousands of dollars a year to see psychiatrists, completely of their own accord. If people are willing to pay for this, why should they avoid committing a crime, if the only punishment they are likely to receive is psychological treatment? The therapeutic model is not only a poor deterrent, it has the potential to increase the crime rate. Psychiatric treatment is expensive. If one could obtain counseling for free simply by getting oneself thrown in jail, I think that many people would do so without hesitation. People who would otherwise commit no crimes could very well choose to do something they wouldnt otherwise think of. Obviously the therapeutic model is no solution. Other people propose a solution combining the retributive and thera peutic models of justice, which is more of a utilitarian view. They would have criminals sent to jail for their crimes, and given psychologicalShow MoreRelatedMoral Theories Of Utilitarianism And Deontological Ethics1266 Words   |  6 Pagesthen seeking greatest happiness principle. Hence, Deontology helps in equal rights for all regarding legal decisions, however, it fails to address human beings as having emotions rather focuses on extreme sense of duty (Moreland, 2009). When both approaches are compared, Utilitarianism is found to be less adequate as it undermines the rights of humans when greatest benefits are considered. Section B Individual relativism (moral subjectivism) and cultural relativism Individual Relativism and CulturalRead MoreTorts study notes Essay17110 Words   |  69 PagesTHEORIES OF TORT LAW: AFFIRMING BOTH DETERRENCE AND CORRECTIVE JUSTICE Gary T. Schwartza Copyright (c) 1997 Texas Law Review Association; Gary T. Schwartz Introduction Currently there are two major camps of tort scholars. One understands tort liability as an instrument aimed largely at the goal of deterrence, commonly explained within the framework of economics. The other looks at tort law as a way of achieving corrective justice between the parties. If these are alternative camps, they are alsoRead MoreCRM 1301 Midterm uOttawa Carolyn Gordon Essay10218 Words   |  41 Pages chants. New Pagans feel like they are returning to a pre Christian tradition which honours women and men. The Church of Rome set the Inquisition to enforce its will. People who criticized the church or held different beliefs were executed as criminals. 85% of people who were killed for witchcraft were women. It was considered as the women holocaust. The witch craze involved the destruction of life with endured for thousands of years. Pagans lived on a particular part of the land, had ceremoniesRead MoreLanguage Modes2364 Words   |  10 Pageslanguage arts curriculum over the years: the heritage model, the competencies model, and the process or student-centered model. Each model constitutes a belief system about the structure and content of instruction that leads to certain instructional approaches and methods. The heritage model, for example, reflects the belief that the purpose of language arts instruction is to transmit the values and traditions of the culture through the study of an agreed-upon body of literature. It also focuses on agreed-uponRead MoreThe Usefulness of Sociological Theories in Explaining Crime and the Control of Crime3045 Words   |  13 PagesPene (On Crimes and Punishment) in 1764 (Beccaria, 1963, cited Cavadino and Dignan 2002, p46). This book provided a critique of the Criminal Justice System in Europe, which was deemed arbitrary and harshly retributive, dominated by capital and corporal penalties. Beccaria’s philosophical movement called for clarity in the law and due process in criminal procedure, combined with certainty and regularity of punishment. Classical thinking viewed individuals as free-willedRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility10163 Words   |  41 Pagesusing this paper properly! Because society is fundamentally based upon performance and profit, it is not unusual to find that it is necessary to impart a sense of corporate social responsibility with regard to contemporary commerce. The ethical approaches of purpose, principle and consequence are integral components of business social performance; itemizing these contributions finds one incorporating the interests of ethics and morality within the corporate structure, essential concepts that areRead MorePsychology Ncert Book 1 Chapter Notes11190 Words   |  45 Pagesoneself, knowing others or more specific responses like knowing why people dream, why people go out of their way to help others or beat each other up. All ancient traditions have engaged themselves with questions about human nature. The Indian philosophical traditions, in particular, deal with ques tions relating to why people behave in the manner in which they do. Why are people generally unhappy? What changes should they bring about in themselves if they desire happiness in their lives. Like allRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 PagesSandweiss, St. Louis: The Evolution of an American Urban Landscape Sam Wineburg, Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts: Charting the Future of Teaching the Past Sharon Hartman Strom, Political Woman: Florence Luscomb and the Legacy of Radical Reform Michael Adas, ed., Agricultural and Pastoral Societies in Ancient and Classical History Jack Metzgar, Striking Steel: Solidarity Remembered Janis Appier, Policing Women: The Sexual Politics of Law Enforcement and the LAPD Allen Hunter, ed.,Read MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words   |  846 Pagesprofession. Liisa Kurunmaki, Ph.D., is a CIMA Lecturer of Accounting at the London School of Economics and  ¨ Political Science. Her research interest is in the public sector and she has been studying the accounting aspects of New Public Management reforms in the UK and Finland. The results of her research have been published in academic journals such as Accounting, Organizations and Society; European Accounting Review; and Management Accounting Research. Eva Labro is a lecturer in management accountingRead MoreHuman Resources Management150900 Words   |  604 PagesManagement—Strategies and Environment Ethics and HR Management As the issues faced by HR managers have increased in number and complexity, so have the pressures and challenges of acting ethically. Ethical issues pose fundamental questions about fairness, justice, truthfulness, and social responsibility. Concerns have been raised about the ethical standards used by managers and employees, particularly those in business organizations. It appears that the concerns are well-founded, if the results of one study

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.